There are about nine modals that are really common in Canadian English:
- shall (used in question forms usually)
There are two basic patterns we use for passive modals.
1. The first one is easy: modal + be + past participle.
|Active Verb||Passive Verb||Example|
|can see||can be seen||That painting can be seen in the Louvre.|
|should do||should be done||The work should be done on time.|
|would sell||would be sold||The tickets would be sold there if possible.|
|might finish||might be finished||It might be finished by next week.|
|must pay||must be paid||Employees must be paid on the last day of the month.|
Complete Exercise 1: Passive Modals now and then close the window to continue with the lesson.
2. The other pattern is a little longer: modal + have been + past participle
|Active Modal||Passive Modal||Example|
|could have done||could have been done||It could have been done by John.|
|should have finished||should have been finished||It should have been finished yesterday.|
|might have lost||might have been lost||It might have been lost when we were travelling.|
Complete Exercise 2: Passive Modals now and then close the window.