Certain pronouns are known as reflexive pronouns.
1. Common Uses
We use reflexive pronouns when the subject and object in a sentence are the same, as in the following examples.
The baby saw himself/herself in the mirror and laughed.
Can I borrow your spare key, so I can let myself into the apartment.
If you don't know him, you should introduce yourself.
Reflexive pronouns are also used to stress or emphasize a noun, in which case they are most often placed immediately after the noun, as in the following example sentences.
Money itself can't buy happiness.
The company president himself made the announcement.
I myself am not interested.
The use of "by + reflexive pronoun" signifies that the performer of the action had no help, as in this example sentence.
She made the dress by herself (or simply herself).
However, "be + reflexive pronoun" means to act or behave in an unusual manner. See the following example sentence.
I'm sorry for getting angry. I guess I'm not myself today. (The meaning here is that the speaker is not behaving as he or she usually does.)
2. Uses with Verb + Preposition Combinations
Reflexive pronouns are used after many verb + preposition combinations, such as those that follow:
|Verb + Preposition||Example|
|believe in||If you believe in yourself, you will succeed.|
|take care of||Take care of yourselves while I'm away.|
|look after||Look after yourselves while I'm away.|
|care about||If you don't care about yourself, nobody else will.|
3. Seldom or Never Used
Many English words, however, such as those which follow, are seldom or never used with reflexive pronouns.
|Decide||Lie down||Sit down|
4. Uses for Emphasis
Certain other English words are only used with reflexive pronouns for emphasis. Some of them are listed below.
When you are sure that you understand the lesson, you can continue with the exercise.