In our final lecture, we will examine the emergence of dedicated counter-protest movements, those groups whose stated aims are to counter the rise of Far Right extremism. Some of these groups emphasize non-violent protest; others acknowledge – and sometimes embrace – violence as a tool. From clown parades and glitter bombs, to gas masks and baseball bats, counter-protest movements have adopted a wide array of strategies and tactics that we will identify and discuss. We will also engage with a difficult question: Can violence ever be justified as a useful tool against hate?
A full course refund will only be provided if you withdraw from a course prior to the course start date. For courses with more than one class, a refund, less a minimum $15 administrative fee may be issued if you withdraw prior to the second class. Depending on your method of payment, a refund will be either mailed to you or credited to your credit card.