1919 in Russia: Communism is Here to Stay, AKA the Phantom Menace

Dr. David Dolff

By the end of 1919, Red Army victories in the Russian Civil War ensured the survival of Lenin’s new communist regime. Thereafter, Marxist ideas ceased to be simply theoretical, but instead served as the basis for the reshaping of one of Europe’s great powers. In the same year, the Third International (Comintern) was created to foster the development and spread of these ideas. While the means to actively promote world revolution remained limited, this nevertheless sparked sometimes exaggerated joy or fear among various people around the world, and reshaped the international arena in significant ways.